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观音手上拿的为什么是净瓶和柳枝?
2008年08月29日 10:20禅茶佛道  【
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观音菩萨的标准像是一手持净瓶,一手拿柳枝,可你一定想不到观音菩萨这样的造型却大有讲究,它可是早期佛教徒生活的写照呢!5月13日的《秘境观察》现场学者朱岩为我们揭开了谜底。

观音手中的这两件物件其实就是我们现在所用的刷牙工具,她手中的柳枝也可叫杨枝,据考证说这种杨枝实际上是古代一种刷牙的工具。因为古代没有牙刷,当时的佛教徒就用杨枝刷牙。古印度的佛教徒们是很讲究个人卫生的,他们那个时候就有了刷牙的习惯,观音菩萨这样的造像也正是这种生活习惯的写照。

在古印度时,佛教徒们的这种卫生习惯却是和当时传统的沙门截然不同的,沙门们修行苦行,他们是不讲究卫生的,而且还是有意识不讲卫生,比如说穿粪扫衣,睡在粪堆上,刻意把自己弄的很肮脏,这是他们一种苦行的方式。因为他们认为是折磨自己的身体可以净化内心。而释迦牟尼创办的佛教则不然,它在初期的时候是很注意威仪的,佛教中认为作为一个出家人如果你没有威仪,坐不是坐相,站不是站相,是很影响一个人的。所以当时释伽牟尼佛教僧团衣冠很整齐,衣服也很干净,与沙门正好相反。另外他们乞食都是次第乞食,并不是说谁家的东西好吃,我到谁家去乞食,而是要排着队挨家挨户的,非常讲究秩序。在佛教僧团中佛教徒不光有这些,他还有洗钵,也就是洗碗的习惯。早期佛教能够很快被当时人们接受,整洁的外表也起到了不少作用。

作者: 佚名   编辑: 邢彦玲

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