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水的智慧:孔子、老子、禅语
2009年07月16日 10:15心灵鸡汤 】 【打印0位网友发表评论

(一) 

孔子曰:“智者乐水”。 

“智者”的智慧当如水之灵活。若藏于地下则含而不露,若喷涌而上则清而为泉;少则叮咚作乐,多则奔腾豪壮。水处天地之间,或动或静;动则为涧、为溪、为江河;静则为池、为潭、为湖海。水遇不同境地,显各异风采;经沙土则渗流,碰岩石则溅花;遭断崖则下垂为瀑,遇高山则绕道而行。水,可由滴滴雨水雪水而成涓涓细流,而成滔滔江河,而成茫茫海洋。 

“智者”的智慧当如“乐水”之灵感,时间如流水,我们要珍惜,“子在川上曰:‘逝者如斯夫’。”百姓如江水,为官要慎笃,《孔子家语》云:“夫君者舟也,庶人者水也。水所以载舟,亦可以覆舟。”水是美丽动人的,《红楼梦》中言,“女人是水做的骨肉”,台湾民歌唱,“阿里山的姑娘美如水”,《荷塘月色》写道:“月光如流水一般静静地泻在这一片叶子和花上……”水也是多愁善感的,清新飘逸的仙湖也有“抽刀断水水更流,举杯消愁愁更愁”之时,词中高手如李煜更有“问君能有几多愁,恰似一江春水向动流”之叹。水是交友的榜样,“君子之交淡如水”;水也是处世的辨证,“水至清则无鱼……” 水中有哲理。 

(二) 

老子曰:“上善若水”。 

“水善利万物而不争,处众人之所恶,故几于道。”“江海之所以能为五谷王者,以其善下之,故能为五谷王。 

  ”“天下莫柔弱于水,而攻坚强莫之能先,以其无次易之也。”水,是位辨证哲人。“上善”的智慧当如“若水”之柔中有刚,刚柔一体。水,貌似柔,实则强;水虽柔,但可克刚。滴水久之可穿石,流水载歌载舞可使角角棱棱的石头日臻完美成鹅卵石。柔软的水,加压能把巨岩击碎,能把成吨的钢材像揉面团般煅压。 “上善”的智慧当“若水”之随机应变。水,常态为液体,降温至零度就凝固为固体;升温至百度则化为气体——聚于低空则为雾,升到高空则成云,凝结下落则或为雨、或为雪、或为雹、或为霰……借助日光月光,还呈现为霓虹华晕。水以不变呈万态,“大道似水”。《庄子》云:“水之积也不厚,则负大舟也无力。”是啊,水积不厚深就无力行大船,人若学问修养不高深又怎么能担当重任。“从水之道,而不为私焉。”水自有水流之道,只要顺此道而游,并不需要自己的意志——顺其自然。 水中有道意。 

(三) 

禅语曰:“善心如水”。 

水利万象万物,“善心”备焉。水凭渗透性强而滋润生物;水靠浮力大而可行舟船;水凭流动不息而改善环境,让地球充满生机;水可降温,水可去污;水可驱动机器,水可以发电生能……水的作用无数,水之善心无边。 

“善心”的智慧当“如水”之文化。“流水不腐”莫不是暗示人要想身心健康就得常运动?“饮水思源”;岂不是暗示人们不要忘本?“顺水推舟”是昭示人们要善于顺情吧?“高山流水”是知音,“行云流水”为妙境。让我们“如鱼得水”。领略人生的“山青水秀”,“行到水穷处,坐看云起时。” “善心”的智慧当“如水”之充满善意。“水止则能照”蓝天、草木、万物;“水静柔而动刚”,水绝不怨天尤人,只怀一颗善心平常心。人生处世当如水,善待一切,灵活、善变,不妄求环境适应自己,而善使自己适应环境。人在世上不顺多,当学水之能潜、能涌、能流、能奔、能升能降,适境而生,适境而居。让心永远呈现如“宁静的森林池水”……

【头条】:第十一世班禅抵达拉萨 受到西藏各界人士热烈欢迎

【两岸】:国际佛光会洛杉矶协会举行2009盂兰盆供僧法会

【禅茶一味】:茶与悟 残缺之美  

【素食】:胡萝卜可以保护你的肺

【觉悟】:一只大象 对佛欢喜 得以生天

【一日禅】:平常的事也值得我们感恩

【众生】:佛经翻译大师:帝王高僧赵显

【佛教影音】:佛教人物论坛《问道》神通篇  

【读书】:爱面子的禅师 

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